This guide will clarify the technical specifications to bear in mind when choosing your rifle scope.

These are all requirements that must be assessed on a case-by-case basis and well considered because everyone deserves to find his or her ideal perspective, without co-promises and without unknowns. Then have a good trip to the Konus vademecum that will make you a true connoisseur!


When reading the plate data of your optic you will come across measures such as 4×32 well remember that the first number of an optic expresses its magnification. This is a very important data because magnification actually means the power of your telescope. In the example shown, 4 indicates that the target you are aiming at will appear 4 times closer to you with the telescope than observing it with the naked eye. So how to navigate in the midst of such different magnifications? Well, the high magnifications are used for precision shooting, motionless targets or shooting shapes while the optics with medium or low magnification find their use in hunting as the field of vision is wider and the image is sharper. They are also the perfect choice for low to medium range shooting and moving targets in general.

Simplifying a bit, we could summarize that for target shooting up to 100 meters and for hunting small game an optic with magnification from 1 to 4x is sufficient, if instead we increase the target distance up to 200 meters or we orient ourselves on game of large dimensions or hunting in enclosed landscapes such as forests or mountains then you will need a magnification between 5 and 8x. If, on the other hand, the hunt takes place in open landscapes or the target is over 200 meters, then a scope between 9 and 12x will be chosen. The most powerful models are generally for long range shooting.


In the example of the previous point, the number placed after the x expresses the diameter of the objective, that is, a 4×32 optic has a diameter of the objective of 32 mm. This figure determines the brightness of your optics so it should not be underestimated. In general, diameters less than 40-44 mm are not used for hunting, if you are shooting at long range or using high magnifications or if you are hunting in low light conditions it is better to choose a diameter of 50 mm or greater.


This term expresses the depth/distance at which our target is observed. It is expressed in meters and refers to a distance of 100 meters. By increasing the magnification the field of view decreases so it is right to find the perfect balance as too many magnifications actually penalize the framed portion.


The adjustment of the elevation and of the derifa allows to align the point of aim according to the magnifications. For example, a click value of .25 “(0.63cm) will change the point of impact by 0.63cm to 100m up or down, left or right (depending on which turret you adjust).


This is the distance that can be kept between the rifle scope and the eye of the user so that the field of vision is full and circular. By increasing the eye relief, the use of the optics will be easier especially if the shooter wears glasses.


The center of the reticle and the target should be arranged on an imaginary straight line that makes the optical axis coincide with the visual axis. If this is not done, there is a parallax error. Rifle scopes are generally designed so that the parallax error does not occur at a predetermined distance of 100 meters, which means that at this distance the image of the target is in the same plane as that of the reticle. There are many models in the Konus range that are equipped with a side ring that allows automatic adjustment of the parallax at any distance from a minimum of 9 meters, this is undoubtedly a great advantage as it allows you to always count on maximum shooting accuracy. This ring is usually placed on the left side of the optic and is increased to facilitate its adjustment when wearing gloves as well as to facilitate reading of the various distances.


Most Konus optics have elevation and derivation turrets that work with the special instant locking system called “Konus Impact System”. The advantage is both to make adjustments faster than traditional riflescopes, and to fix them and make them permanent knowing that they will not be altered even in the event of a fall or impact.


Some Konus-branded optics are designed for use in very long-range shots, or when even the smallest attitude error can significantly change the trajectory of the bullet. For this reason, a level bubble has been inserted inside the eyepiece, positioned so as not to disturb the vision. The bubble allows the shooter to have the immediate perception of alignment with the target.


Once you have found the optimal focus, you will have the possibility to fix it thanks to a special locking ring so as not to risk moving and losing it.


All Konus models (except Konushot and Konusfire) are hyper impermeable to water and humidity, and are filled with nitrogen gas to avoid any fogging. They can therefore also be used in the event of rain, snow or fog.


Unfortunately, there are models on the market that have only the outer diameter of the optical tube of 30 mm while the inner diameter is only 25 mm. All Konus models on which we declare the diameter of 30 mm have an authentic diameter of 30 mm also inside them and this ensures far superior performance compared to “camouflaged” one-inch optics. The advantage of the 30 mm diameter is due to the greater capacity of absorbing light which allows to obtain sharper and more contrasted images.


The eyepiece and lens are protected by plastic covers that can be fixed with simple rubber bands or can be flip-up in order to open and close the lid with a click mechanism operated with the fingertips.


Most Konus optics include a lens hood that can be screwed onto the lens to prevent the sun’s rays from reflecting on it and compromising the target’s vision.


It is the favorite reticle of hunters all over the world and is well suited for most medium to close range hunts. To be understood, it is the lattice with the four thickest signs positioned at the opposite halves of a circle. At 4x magnification the distance between one internal point and the other of the reticle is 75 cm at 100 m and at this distance a medium-sized deer should completely occupy this space. If it occupies only half of the space, we can therefore assume that it is located at 200 m. If it occupies a third of the space, the target is 300m away, and so on. The 75 cm corresponds to the approximate distance in an adult deer of medium size from the chest to the rump so if the same 75 cm target covers only half the distance of the reticle this allows us to understand that the target is at 200 m and so on. In all Konus optics (except for Konushot and Konusfire) the reticles are engraved on the glass and therefore guaranteed to resist even the recoils of the most powerful rifles.


It is a little used reticle in Europe but more popular in the USA, suitable for powder guns, crossbows and shotguns. Provides exact aiming through the special reticle design. This drawing is intended to establish distance, as a turkey head will fill the targeting area at 40m, while an adult deer will fill the targeting area at 75m.


This reticle is perfect for medium to short range shooting. The illuminated circle will allow easier aiming for moving targets while the illuminated dot gives a significant advantage when you need to shoot more accurately.


This lattice has extremely fine lines and a small center point. It is therefore very useful when shooting at a very long distance because it will not cover the target hindering its acquisition.


If you shoot at distances greater than 100/200 meters. the optics must be set at maximum power in order to use the ballistic reticle with precision (9x for the 3-9×40 models and 16x for the 4-16×50 model). The horizontal notches of the reticle are aiming points for running animals or crosswinds. The notch above the horizontal line is the aiming point for distances of less than 50/100 meters.


This reticle features different calibrated aiming points from 75 to 275m / yard and coincides with the most popular ammunition. Side notches have been added to compensate for the wind.


This lattice is almost identical to a 30/30 but has no reinforced upper strut. The reticle has the same width from the center to the top of the image. The German-4 reticle is really popular for hunting.


Some reticles (especially for military use) allow accurate measurement of shooting distances if, however, the size of the target is known. When a grating of this type is positioned on the second focal plane, distance estimation is possible only with a single movement factor (usually 10x). When the reticle is instead positioned on the first focal plane, this estimate is possible whatever the magnification factor used because the proportions of the reticle always remain constant with respect to the target. The most famous and appreciated among the military reticles is the Mil-Dot, Konus presents a modified version with even more precise references than the original design: the distance between the various notches is in fact 1/2 Mil. Furthermore, the center of the reticle consists of an illuminated circle which never completely covers the target.


This tactical reticle is used to instantly assess distances and compensate for the transverse force of the wind.


This type of adjustment is the ideal solution when combined with a Mil-Dot reticle as it guarantees maximum shooting accuracy combined with extreme ease and speed of use. If, for example, when aiming at a target, your first shot is far from the center by a distance that thanks to the Mil-Dot reticle you will see is equal to 1 Mil to the right of the center and 2 Mil above the center: all you have to do is adjust the 10 click derivation turret on the left (10 clicks = 1 Mil) and the 20 click elevation turret at the bottom (20 clicks = 2 Mil). Once this is done you can be sure that your second shot will hit with extreme precision. If your rifle optics had had adjustments expressed in MOA, however, this would not have been possible without first performing a mathematical conversion of the Mil into Moa (not exactly immediate calculation). This is why 1/10 mil adjustments are preferred in the tactical world and for all those situations where speed and precision are essential.


The KONUSPRO F-30 series of optics have the reticle positioned on the first focal plane. With this configuration the reticle and the target image are simultaneously increased or reduced when the magnifications change and it is possible to estimate the shooting distances when the dimensions of the target are known. Furthermore, the point of impact does not change with different magnifications as it does with the reticles positioned on the second focal plane.


Unlike the European system (which provides for the reticle on the first focal plane), the American system ensures that the dimensions of the reticle always remain constant and therefore, by varying the magnification, only the image being observed is enlarged or reduced. The advantage for the shooter is to be able to aim optimally even very small targets or targets placed at a great distance. Since the reticle is positioned after the mechanism for varying the magnification factor, these optics are subject to a minimal alteration of the bullet impact point when the zoom factor varies.


Many Konus models have the option of being illuminated so that you can see the intersection even at night or in low light conditions. The intensity of the light is adjustable and you can also use the optics without switching on the illuminator.


Optical treatments can be:

COATED: that is the treatment is of at least one layer on at least one surface.

MULTI-COATED: one layer on all external lenses

FULLY-COATED: multiple layers of treatment on at least one surface of each lens

FULLY MULTI COATING: Most Konus models have lenses coated with a special 10-layer treatment on both their surfaces in order to ensure maximum light transmissibility, up to 95%

Good! You are now an expert and can have a conversation with a gunsmith or professional without any uncertainty. Choose your optic and “Shoot like a PRO”